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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • Manuscripts should be 1,5-spaced throughout, including references. Tables and figure legends should be single-spaced.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Papers must be written in English, French, Portuguese or Spanish.

  • Manuscripts should be 1,5-spaced throughout, including references. Tables and figure legends should be single-spaced.
  • Use 2,5 cm margins on all sides, justifying the right margin.
  • Number all pages consecutively beginning with the title page (page number at the bottom of the page centre-justified).
  • Use the same standard Times-New-Roman 12-point font throughout the manuscript.

Title page

  • A concise, informative title (Times-New-Roman 14-point font, Small Caps).
  • The names and affiliations of all authors.
  • The contact: mailing address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the author (or corresponding author, if more than one author).
  • Acknowledgments in a footnote asterisked to the title (please note how the work relates to CETRAD - funding for the research may be from the CETRAD research centre, the work may have been based on a collaboration begun at a CETRAD Seminar, or the paper may be the result of discussions at CETRAD. Please also note what research grants funded the working papers, including the funding organization and the grant number).


All articles must include an abstract of not more than 150-200 words.


  • Main sections: Times New Roman 12pt, bold and caps.
  • Sub-sections: Times New Roman, 12pt, bold.
  • Paragraphs: 1,5-spaced, 6pt before; do not indent.
  • Footnotes: Arab continuous numeration at the bottom of each corresponding page.

Abbreviations: The use of abbreviations is discouraged, except for those considered standard. Abbreviations may be used if necessary, but should appear in parentheses the first time they are used in the text.

Symbols and special characters: Any unusual symbols should be explained in the text.

Equations: Equations should be number in parentheses at the right end of the line on which the display equation is set. Number all equations consecutively and consistently.


Documentation should be presented in author-date style, with all cited references collected in an alphabetical list titled “References.” Every work cited in the text, notes, appendixes, tables, and figures must appear in the References; conversely, every work listed in the References should be cited in the text or elsewhere in the article. For two or more publications by the same author(s) in the same year, list them alphabetically by title and use 2017a, 2017b.

The references should follow the more recent APA Style.

Tables and Figures

Each table/figure should be within the manuscript file, numbered consecutively, with a descriptive title and cited in numerical order in the text. For tables, each column must have a heading describing the data in the column below. Footnotes and accompanying explanatory material should be kept to a minimum. Use the table editor in your word-processing program to create tables - do not embed tables from a spreadsheet or database program into a word-processing document without first converting them to the word processor's native format. Prepare tables in a consistent manner and as simply as possible. Use your table editor's formatting tools.